Acne is a common (and frustrating) condition that’s common in adolescence, but it can also affect you at any other age. Treating acne is incredibly difficult because it can be caused by numerous underlying factors, such as clogged pores due to dead skin cells, sebum overproduction, bacteria, hormones, and more. Most people try numerous ointments and creams for acne with little to no impact.
What Causes Acne?
- Clogged Pores: Acne occurs due to clogged skin pores, which usually happens when your dead skin cells get trapped within the skin pores instead of falling away.
- Excess Sebum: The overproduction of sebum (facial oils) increases the risk of clogged pores. The oils hold the dead skin cells within the skin pores, leading to acne.
- Bacteria: Your acne can get inflamed and become redder due to certain bacteria, such as p.acnes, that multiply within the clogged pores, leading to painful cysts.
- Hormonal Acne: Typically associated with hormone fluctuations during puberty, adults are also susceptible to hormonal acne. Blackheads, whiteheads, and small pimples that come to a head might be indicative of hormonal acne.
Your Acne Scar Treatment Options
Microneedling is a minimally invasive procedure wherein numerous needles cause microscopic injuries on the skin’s surface. Your body reacts to the injuries by activating the healing process — the damaged skin cells are replaced by new skin cells, and your body produces new collagen fibers. Over time, the damaged skin cells are replaced, and the new collagen fibers make your skin appear smoother and more even-textured.
PDO Smooth Threads
PDO smooth threads is a procedure wherein specialized surgical sutures (made of polydioxanone) are inserted underneath your skin tissues. These biodegradable threads activate your body’s collagen production capabilities, encouraging your body to produce new collagen fibers to heal the acne scars. Over time, the PDO threads are metabolized, but your body produces collagen to heal the acne scars.